Cannabidiol (CBD) roots can be dated to the end of the first ice age. Archaeologists proposed it to be one of the early crops cultivated by man. Foods were made from cannabis seeds and oil dated back to 6000 BCE and by 4000BCE hemp was used in textile production. The plant became popular on a global scale with Vikings transported hemp by-products to Iceland in 850BC, Arabs employed its use in paper production in 900BC
The health properties have turned to become a subject of interest in recent years. The healing properties have been in use also from history as documented in the lifetime of Greek philosophers, Napoleon, Herodotus and other notable figures. In the year 1563, a Portuguese physician named Garcia da Orta enumerated in a report the health benefits of cannabis
CBD studies in the 80s and 90s.
The 70s witnessed much progress in the form of publication of the study of CBD. In spite of this advancement, some notable discoveries were made in the 80s. For instance, a study in Brazil discovered that CBD reduces in children with epilepsy, the rate of convulsion. Another research showed that CBD possesses antipsychotic effects. In the year 1988, the cannabinoids receptors of the nervous system in the human body was discovered leading to further studies on CBD.
The National Institute of Mental Health in the USA in a series of research discovered CBD as a strong cellular antioxidant and neuroprotective properties at the end of the 90s. In the year 1998, a medicine that contains equal composition of THC and CBD was licensed to be produced by GW Pharmaceuticals.
According to Federal Farm Bill Act of 2013, it defines industrial hemp as Cannabis sativa L. with a delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than .3 percent.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Hemp Industries Association, v. Drug Enforcement Administration, 357 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2004), recognized that non-psychoactive hemp that is derived from the ‘mature stalks’ or is ‘oil and cake made from the seeds’ of the Cannabis plant, fits within the plainly stated exemption to the CSA definition of ‘marijuana.’ Id. at 1017. This makes the usage legal provided the standardized concentration is not exceeded.