Although the Cannabis plant contains 100s of Cannabinoids – THC and CBD are the most predominant and well-known. THC is responsible for the ‘’high’’ gotten from Cannabis – while CBD has its atoms differently arranged making it non-psychoactive. What Makes CBD illegal? The answer is, where is comes from and the total THC content.
Federally Legal CBD includes products and foods derived from Industrial Hemp. The Controlled Substance Act has allowed use of lawfully imported hemp oil for decades. The main provision is the byproduct cannot be derived from material excluded from the Controlled Substances Act – but must be derived from the stalks or seeds of mature Industrial Hemp.
Section 7606 of the act, Legitimacy of Industrial Hemp Research of the Industrial Hemp act of 2013 removed Industrial Hemp from the Controlled Substance Act by simple stating, “the term, ‘marihuana’ does not include industrial hemp” and it defines industrial hemp as Cannabis sativa L. with a delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than .3 percent on a dry weight basis. In addition, it enabled licensing for Farmers in the United Statesto cultivate industrial hemp if they are partnered with institutions of higher education or state departments of agriculture in states that legalized hemp cultivation to regulate and conduct research and pilot programs
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Difference Between THC and CBD
Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabinol also known as CBD and THC respectively are two important extracts of the marijuana plant and they belong the particular class of compounds called Cannabinoids. THC are in abundance in many strains of marijuana, but strains with High-CBD are rare.
CBD is more popular for medical usage due to its properties that are unique. One of the richly valued properties of CBD is the non-psychoactive property. And couple with its antipsychotic properties. Research shows that CBD reduces the psychoactive effect that is familiar with THC consumption, dampening the extreme high that THC would have caused.
Also in addition to the ability to manage the extreme negative of THC, CBD is also being used in the treatment of schizophrenia.
Widespread use of Cannabis
Cannabis has found its application in different popular consumable products making it more appealing and friendly to consume in recent years, a total departure from years of neglect. Due to the ability of Cannabinoids to dissolve in alcohol, it has become useful in making edible drinks such as medical Marijuana beverages available in dispensaries.
Another popular use of cannabis is in the making of topical cannabis salves, and body rubs used as pain creams. They are rubbed on the skin making them very efficient with no need for inhalation or consumption. They are used to soothe pains and aches, be it headaches, rashes, soreness psoriasis and inflammation.
Benefits of THC & CBD
Starting with THC, THC is responsible for the ‘’high’’ gotten from marijuana plant and when properly used helps the body to relax, reduce aggression and also helps the appetite. It also has a medical application in reducing nausea, improves spasticity and bladder function. It is an excellent pain killer, reduces pressure on the eyes and can lessen tremors in the case of spinal cord injury.
On the other hand, despite sharing the same chemical formula with THC, CBD has its atoms differently arranged making it non-psychoactive. CBD creates a balance to the extremes of THC by working together to reduce psychotic symptoms, relief convulsion, reduces anxiety and inflammation. CBD has many medical benefits like in treating Schizophrenia, depression and in reducing pain.
Both THC and CBD have numerous of benefits. Have a specific question on THC or CBD? Let us know!
Cannabidiol (CBD) roots can be dated to the end of the first ice age. Archaeologists proposed it to be one of the early crops cultivated by man. Foods were made from cannabis seeds and oil dated back to 6000 BCE and by 4000BCE hemp was used in textile production. The plant became popular on a global scale with Vikings transported hemp by-products to Iceland in 850BC, Arabs employed its use in paper production in 900BC
The health properties have turned to become a subject of interest in recent years. The healing properties have been in use also from history as documented in the lifetime of Greek philosophers, Napoleon, Herodotus and other notable figures. In the year 1563, a Portuguese physician named Garcia da Orta enumerated in a report the health benefits of cannabis
CBD studies in the 80s and 90s.
The 70s witnessed much progress in the form of publication of the study of CBD. In spite of this advancement, some notable discoveries were made in the 80s. For instance, a study in Brazil discovered that CBD reduces in children with epilepsy, the rate of convulsion. Another research showed that CBD possesses antipsychotic effects. In the year 1988, the cannabinoids receptors of the nervous system in the human body was discovered leading to further studies on CBD.
The National Institute of Mental Health in the USA in a series of research discovered CBD as a strong cellular antioxidant and neuroprotective properties at the end of the 90s. In the year 1998, a medicine that contains equal composition of THC and CBD was licensed to be produced by GW Pharmaceuticals.
According to Federal Farm Bill Act of 2013, it defines industrial hemp as Cannabis sativa L. with a delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than .3 percent.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Hemp Industries Association, v. Drug Enforcement Administration, 357 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2004), recognized that non-psychoactive hemp that is derived from the ‘mature stalks’ or is ‘oil and cake made from the seeds’ of the Cannabis plant, fits within the plainly stated exemption to the CSA definition of ‘marijuana.’ Id. at 1017. This makes the usage legal provided the standardized concentration is not exceeded.
Have questions about specific CBD topics or CBD products? Let us know!