Growing Cannabis in California

It’s been legal to grow Medical Cannabis in the state of California since the passing of Proposition 215 in 1996 and now the passing of Proposition 64 allows  Californians can legally grow up to 6 plants for recreational purposes – So many Californians are becoming more interested in Growing Cannabis.

Growing Cannabis outdoors is optimal during the summer months and Growing Cannabis indoor during the winter months is useful for many reasons, but mostly because you can control the grow environment. The broadening of cannabis laws has spurred on a massive cannabis industry that requires many rules and regulations before you can start Growing Cannabis commercially. Even if you grow at home for your own personal consumption you will need a budget to set up an indoor grow. There are a several components you will need first before you start Growing Cannabis – let’s review five important considerations below.
Location: We suggest you purchase an indoor tent that could accommodate 1 plant to 10 plants or more. Grow tents are a good enclosure to use for controlling your cannabis environment.
Growing Medium: There are many options available to growers from clay pellets ( LECA ), vermiculite, perlite, coir and even soil. A good growing medium is needed for strong cannabis roots and absorption of water. But you could also grow using the traditional method of using soil and compost.
Air-flow: Air-flow is a vital component of any grow operation. Fast growing cannabis likes a lot of clean air. Indoor growers need active or passive fans to circulate clean outside air through the cannabis leaves and expel out using more fans. You also have the option of using air-conditioning systems for larger grow operations.
Lighting: Indoor grow equipment is expensive and lights are probably going to be your biggest setup cost and usage of electricity will be on of your largest running costs. There are many options available to growers, from High-pressure sodium and metal-halide lights through to LED, energy efficient lights. LED grow lights have developed fast and can now compete with HPS lights when it comes to yield, LED grow lights also have the benefit of reducing your need for the electrical grid.
Electricity: Electricity is a huge factor when it comes to Growing Cannabis indoors or even outdoors. Every grower needs to budget for their electrical needs on a monthly basis if growing cannabis indoors. Some large commercial cultivators are using $100,000’s dollars each month to power up their fans, air-conditioning units and lighting systems. This not mentioning replacement costs of light bulbs and other growing equipment on an ongoing basis. Identifying your energy efficiency early on is a clever step in the right direction for Growing Cannabis. As with all legalization taking place throughout the United States, more and more growers are putting a strain on the power-grid and therefore have to take into account their own energy efficiency needs, throughout their business model.

We hope this helps! Growing Cannabis can be hard, but also rewarding! Researching the best energy efficient indoor growing equipment and procedures will  save you a lot of dollars, and also great for the environment.

Legal CBD

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Although the Cannabis plant contains 100s of Cannabinoids – THC and CBD are the most predominant and well-known. THC is responsible for the ‘’high’’ gotten from Cannabis – while CBD has its atoms differently arranged making it non-psychoactive. What Makes CBD illegal? The answer is, where is comes from and the total THC content.

Federally Legal CBD includes products and foods derived from Industrial Hemp. The Controlled Substance Act has allowed use of lawfully imported hemp oil for decades. The main provision is the byproduct cannot be derived from material excluded from the Controlled Substances Act – but must be derived from the stalks or seeds of mature Industrial Hemp.

Section 7606 of the act, Legitimacy of Industrial Hemp Research of the Industrial Hemp act of 2013 removed Industrial Hemp from the Controlled Substance Act by  simple stating, “the term, ‘marihuana’ does not include industrial hemp” and it defines industrial hemp as Cannabis sativa L. with a delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than .3 percent on a dry weight basis. In addition, it enabled licensing for Farmers in the United Statesto cultivate industrial hemp if they are partnered with institutions of higher education or state departments of agriculture in states that  legalized hemp cultivation to regulate and conduct research and pilot programs

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Endocannabinoids & Your Health

The Endocannabinoid SystemEndocannabinoids are found throughout our body, including the receptors. The primary function of the Endocannabinoids system ECS is maintaining homeostasis which is to ensure that the body is stable internally despite changes in the external environment. The failure of the balance of ECS is what often leads to disease in the body system. ECS controls many processes in the body such as sleep and appetite. It affects the immune system, nervous system acting as a bridge between the body and mind.

Cannabinoids receptors are found in cell membranes all over the body and believed to be the most populous receptor system in the body. When these receptors are stimulated, it sets in motion different physiologic processes.

Phytocannabinoids are found to stimulate cannabinoids receptors. Phytocannabinoids are found in plants, and they include THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD (cannabidiol) and CBN (cannabinol). Of these three, THC is the most psychoactive.

Cannabinoid Receptors

Cannabinoids receptors are found in many parts of the body, and they act as binding sites for both endogenous cannabinoids and cannabinoids present in cannabis. These receptors are located in the brain, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal and virtually all parts of the body.

There are two types of receptors namely; CB1 and CB2. These two receptors are prominent in the brain and immune system than in other parts of the body. When these receptors bind with the cannabinoids, the body experiences vivid changes. The body naturally produces Endocannabinoids to stimulate these receptors.

Effect of Cannabis on ECS and Good Health

Due to the harsh environment, our surrounding world has turned into; we need a functional cannabinoids system to maintain good health. To achieve this, there is a need for the body to produce more Endocannabinoids and receptors by taking small doses of cannabinoids from cannabis.

Herbal cannabis contains a variety of cannabinoids, and they all work together for better health. Cannabis can be smoked as it is safe except for those that affected by it due to respiratory irritation, it is advisable that such use vaporizer, topical salve or cannabis tincture. Medical cannabis is beneficial in the treatment of a variety of disease as research is ongoing to ascertain this in the area of preventive healthcare.

THC and CBD

Difference Between THC and CBD

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Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabinol also known as CBD and THC respectively are two important extracts of the marijuana plant and they belong the particular class of compounds called Cannabinoids. THC are in abundance in many strains of marijuana, but strains with High-CBD are rare.

CBD is more popular for medical usage due to its properties that are unique. One of the richly valued properties of CBD is the non-psychoactive property. And couple with its antipsychotic properties. Research shows that CBD reduces the psychoactive effect that is familiar with THC consumption, dampening the extreme high that THC would have caused.
Also in addition to the ability to manage the extreme negative of THC, CBD is also being used in the treatment of schizophrenia.

Widespread use of Cannabis

Cannabis has found its application in different popular consumable products making it more appealing and friendly to consume in recent years, a total departure from years of neglect. Due to the ability of Cannabinoids to dissolve in alcohol, it has become useful in making edible drinks such as medical Marijuana beverages available in dispensaries.
Another popular use of cannabis is in the making of topical cannabis salves, and body rubs used as pain creams. They are rubbed on the skin making them very efficient with no need for inhalation or consumption. They are used to soothe pains and aches, be it headaches, rashes, soreness psoriasis and inflammation.

Benefits of THC & CBD

Starting with THC, THC is responsible for the ‘’high’’ gotten from marijuana plant and when properly used helps the body to relax, reduce aggression and also helps the appetite. It also has a medical application in reducing nausea, improves spasticity and bladder function. It is an excellent pain killer, reduces pressure on the eyes and can lessen tremors in the case of spinal cord injury.
On the other hand, despite sharing the same chemical formula with THC, CBD has its atoms differently arranged making it non-psychoactive. CBD creates a balance to the extremes of THC by working together to reduce psychotic symptoms, relief convulsion, reduces anxiety and inflammation. CBD has many medical benefits like in treating Schizophrenia, depression and in reducing pain.

Both THC and CBD have numerous of benefits. Have a specific question on THC or CBD? Let us know!

History of CBD

CBD History

Cannabidiol (CBD) roots can be dated to the end of the first ice age. Archaeologists proposed it to be one of the early crops cultivated by man. Foods were made from cannabis seeds and oil dated back to 6000 BCE and by 4000BCE hemp was used in textile production. The plant became popular on a global scale with Vikings transported hemp by-products to Iceland in 850BC, Arabs employed its use in paper production in 900BC

The health properties have turned to become a subject of interest in recent years. The healing properties have been in use also from history as documented in the lifetime of Greek philosophers, Napoleon, Herodotus and other notable figures. In the year 1563, a Portuguese physician named Garcia da Orta enumerated in a report the health benefits of cannabis

CBD studies in the 80s and 90s.

The 70s witnessed much progress in the form of publication of the study of CBD. In spite of this advancement, some notable discoveries were made in the 80s. For instance, a study in Brazil discovered that CBD reduces in children with epilepsy, the rate of convulsion. Another research showed that CBD possesses antipsychotic effects. In the year 1988, the cannabinoids receptors of the nervous system in the human body was discovered leading to further studies on CBD.

The National Institute of Mental Health in the USA in a series of research discovered CBD as a strong cellular antioxidant and neuroprotective properties at the end of the 90s. In the year 1998, a medicine that contains equal composition of THC and CBD was licensed to be produced by GW Pharmaceuticals.

Legal CBD

According to Federal Farm Bill Act of 2013, it defines industrial hemp as Cannabis sativa L. with a delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than .3 percent.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Hemp Industries Association, v. Drug Enforcement Administration, 357 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2004), recognized that non-psychoactive hemp that is derived from the ‘mature stalks’ or is ‘oil and cake made from the seeds’ of the Cannabis plant, fits within the plainly stated exemption to the CSA definition of ‘marijuana.’ Id. at 1017. This makes the usage legal provided the standardized concentration is not exceeded.

Have questions about specific CBD topics or CBD products? Let us know!

Benefits of CBD

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The human body is made up of specific sites called cannabinoids receptors and are categorized into two types: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are significantly found in the brain and also found in the lungs, liver and kidney. CB2 receptors reside in the body immune system. These sites are responsible for many mental and physiological processes taking place within the body. They control human appetite, pain-sensation, mood, memory, and lots

Out of more than 60 compounds contained in cannabis, CBD Cannabidiol is one. It belongs to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. CBD is a compound with lots of medical benefits. It appeals more to patients in need of relief from inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, seizures, spasms, and other conditions of which its usage does not have an after effect of lethargy or dysphoria.

Reducing Anxiety

CBD is considered non-psychoactive it possesses neuroprotective and anti-epileptic qualities.  According to a test published in the Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 1 in 2011, 24 people with Social Anxiety Disorder were given CBD and were taken through a simulation public speaking test. The result of test trial showed pre-treatment with CBD reduced anxiety, discomfort in their speech performance and cognitive impairment to a great extent. It further showed a decrease in alert in their anticipatory speech.

In that same year 2001, another test was published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology. Ten people with social anxiety went through neuroimaging using CBD to determine what parts of the brain are affected due to the intake. The result showed that subjective anxiety was significantly decreased as this was observed through neuroimaging. The two affected areas of the brain were the limbic and paralimbic brain areas. The limbic system of the brain is responsible for memories and emotional dispositions.

CBD for Pain & Inflammation Relief

Inflammation of the muscles is associated with pain and can lead to tissue damage. As a means of relief, many have resorted to the use of painkillers to manage this over an extended period. This regular absorption has endangered their stomach, liver and kidney due to harmful compounds present in such drugs. CBD is a perfect alternative, with natural anti-inflammatory properties free from side effects.

Effect of CBD in fighting cancer

Cannabinoids target cancer cells leaving healthy cells by disrupting the endoplasmic reticulum. CBD also breaks down proteins and peptides in a cell leading to the self-destruction of cancer cells only.

CBD also inhibits cell growth and the growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) that is responsible for feeding tumors and spread of cancer.

Medical Cannabis: Edibles

What are Edibles?

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The current trend shows that many medical marijuana patients are exploring medication beyond the common pipe and paper. Edibles remain a more acceptable mode of consumption among many. For cannabis consumers, “edibles” are any form of food, ingestible tincture or beverage, that has been infused with Medical Cannabis.

It is called by other names such as medibles, space cakes, or firecrackers. Edibles also help provide variety to patients who cannot smoke their cannabis or simply choose not to. Edible cannabis products have a stronger effect than those of inhaled marijuana but take a little longer for effect to be felt. We will consider the benefits of ingesting marijuana here for a responsible consumption

Edibles You Eat

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Marijuana edibles are made in the form of cannabis-infused oil or butter because of cannabinoids, the psychoactive compounds peculiar to marijuana, are only soluble in alcohols and lipids. They are used in cooking or baking products such as brownies, candy, chocolate bars, cookies and spreads after they are extracted into one of these substances.
When edible is consumed indiscriminately, consuming too much can result in an unpleasant experience. The rate of impact felt by each consumer varies depending on many factors. Factors such as the tolerance level, metabolism, full or empty stomach of the user all contribute to the impact. This calls for a careful selection of dosage considering these factors. Many dispensaries recommend 10mg as a first dose. User can gradually adjust their dosage from this point on.

Edibles You Drink

wp-1490245696062.jpgDue to its solubility in alcohol, people add cannabinoids in brandy or rum. It can also be added to coffee, tea and other beverages. Soda and Lemonade can be made into edibles with the right technology to produce a non-cannabis taste but a sweet carbonated beverage infused with tinctures 

Benefits of Cannabis Infused Edibles

Cannabis consumed orally goes into the blood stream when broken down and digested in the stomach is absorbed in the intestines. It makes it a healthier alternative to smoking thereby preventing consumers from harmful carbon, tar, carcinogens, etc.
Edibles that contains high cannabidiol (CBD) are not only useful to reduce nausea in patients with eating and digestive disorders, but also a vital source of essential nutrients and calories. This also applies to cancer patients suffering from nausea as a result of their treatments, and hyperemesis (morning sickness) in expecting mothers.
Depending on what serves different patients be it its safe method of medication or the long-acting effect experienced when ingested compared to fast-acting effect when smoked, edible is chosen as patients preferred method of consumption.
Be it for medical or recreational purposes; Marijuana infused as edibles can be found in cannabis shops where an in-depth information on the compounds used in their products can be ascertained. Edibles are common with baked products like cakes, cookies, and brownies but not limited to these. They are available in practically every food and drink.